Authentication events are so woven into our lives that we often take them for granted. They’re the times we open a house or a car with a key, when we use a pin number to access a phone or an ATM, when we log in online.
Some of these events – especially those involving computers – have been fairly well scrutinized over the last decade, says HP Immersive Experiences Lab researcher Mary Baker.
“We have a lot of work now about passwords and codes, especially about how to make them stronger,” Baker notes. “But what about the overall burden that authentication places on our lives? Is that something that bothers people? And if it is, what can we do about it?”
A team of researchers from HP Labs and Michigan State University recently took home first prize in the prestigious “Discovery Challenge” of the 26th European Conference on Machine Learning and Principles and Practice of Knowledge Discovery, held in Riva del Garda, Italy.
The challenge asked entrants to make sense of data gleaned from four different types of sensors placed within a home environment and attached either to volunteers living in the home or placed around the building. The data was labeled by observers as representing 20 specific activities (walking, sitting, descending stairs, etc.). Some of the raw data was shared with the competitors matched to corresponding activity labels, while the rest was shared unlabeled. Each team was tasked with devising machine learning models and algorithms that could ‘learn’ from the labeled data to recognize the same activities in the unlabeled data in three activity groups: “ambulation”, “postures” and “transitions.”
Malware Lab at HP's Bristol-based Security Lab
The landscape of software attacks is both evolving and growing, as an ever wider variety and quantity of advanced malware is developed and released. It’s no longer enough for security solutions to track the signatures of known malware and their derivatives. Today, they must identify previously unrecognized vulnerabilities – so-called Zero Days – and proactively protect against malware that causes them, without ever having encountered that malware before.
In HP’s Bristol-based Security Lab, the team is using statistical and behavioral analysis techniques to study and detect malware.
“By doing advanced analytics and detection research, we can find malware that can’t be identified through conventional methodologies,” says Jonathan Griffin, senior researcher in the Lab.
The modern IT threat landscape is shifting as malicious actors look to take advantage of changes in where we’re placing compute power. Increasingly, processing power is located at the edge of networks in “endpoint” devices, notes Simon Shiu, head of HP’s Security Lab.
“Endpoint devices now include all printers – home, commercial, and 3D – as well as interactive displays and sensor-equipped devices that are part of the Internet of Things,” Shiu explains. “And more and more we’re seeing threats aimed directly at these network edge points where people are creating, consuming, and sharing information.”
That’s of particular import to HP, a major supplier of both endpoint devices and the infrastructures and ecosystems that support them, and it informs current security research at HP Labs into next generation security architecture and defenses for endpoints and associated eco-systems.
Chandrakant Patel in conversation - part 2: Building informal communities to learn, teach, and guide
Chandrakant Patel is a storied inventor with 151 patents to his name, a pioneer in thermal and energy management, and a visionary when it comes to the application of IT for sustainable growth. He is also HP’s Chief Engineer, a legendary mentor, and an HP Senior Fellow, an IEEE Fellow (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), an ASME Fellow (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) and an inductee of the Silicon Valley Engineering Hall of Fame. We spoke recently to the 30 year veteran of HP about the current state of innovation in Silicon Valley and how his office is helping support HP product development.
In this second part of our conversation, we explore a project that’s a major focus for the Chief Engineer’s office right now: growing technical communities within the company to speed multi-disciplinary innovation.
Chandrakant Patel is a storied inventor with 151 patents to his name, a pioneer in thermal and energy management, and a visionary when it comes to the application of IT for sustainable growth. He is also HP’s Chief Engineer, a legendary mentor, and an HP Senior Fellow, an IEEE Fellow (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers), an ASME Fellow (American Society of Mechanical Engineers) and an inductee of the Silicon Valley Engineering Hall of Fame. We spoke recently to the 30-year veteran of HP about the current state of innovation in Silicon Valley and how his office is helping support HP product development.
There was a lot to talk about, so we’ve broken the conversation into two parts. This first post explores the role of Chief Engineer and how it impacts both HP Inc. as a whole and HP Labs, where Patel is based. Next time, we’ll look at a project that’s a big focus for the Chief Engineer’s office right now: growing technical communities within the company to speed multi-disciplinary innovation.
Fu Jiang recently completed his M.Sc. in Imaging Science at the Rochester Institute of Technology (RIT) and this fall begins studying for a Ph.D. in Color Science, also at RIT. Jiang grew up in Huaian, China and received his B.Sc. in Physics from the Nanjing University of Information Science and Technology. This summer, he has been working with mentors in HP’s Print and 3D Lab, hoping to move the bar on our understanding of color perception at small scales. While in Palo Alto, Jiang is enjoying hiking and cycling, and appreciating the Bay Area’s good weather.
HP: Can you describe the research project you’re working on?
My project focuses on our perception of color differences in what we call “small features.” These are areas of color that represent less than 2 degrees of your field of view, which is roughly the size of your thumbnail when you hold your arm straight out in front of you. We know quite a lot about our ability to perceive color differences at a larger scale, but very little research has been done on our perception of color in areas of less than 2 degrees.
Andrew Bolwell is the Global Head of Technology Vision and HP Tech Ventures. In this role he is responsible for driving HP’s long-term innovation and technology vision for HP, as well as for HP's venture activities, working across start-up and venture capital communities to identify, source, commercialize and invest in early-stage disruptive technologies. Liaising with HP Labs, business groups, customers and partners, Andrew is defining new market segments, products and business models that will help shape HP’s future growth.
Today, we’re sharing Part 2 of a five-part series discussing HP’s future technology vision, and how key global forces known as Megatrends are being used to shape that vision and our future. Megatrends are global socio-economic, demographic and technological forces that will have a sustained and transformative impact on businesses, societies, economies, cultures and our personal lives in unimaginable ways in the years to come.
Join us on Twitter on August 23 at 2:30 ET/11:30 AM PT when Shane Wall takes over HP Labs! In this live half-hour chat, he’ll be answering your questions, sharing his thoughts on innovation in the workplace, and giving you a behind-the-scenes look at HP Labs.
“Innovation in the workplace is an important topic because I’ve always believed that innovation is culture. It’s imperative to encourage your team to create, make, invent; and tap into the belief that anything is possible. I’m excited to share how that culture has been thriving in HP Labs, answer questions you may have, and hear your stories on fostering a culture of innovation,” shared Wall.
Cody Carlton had never taken a course in computer science before arriving at college. But he decided to try programming in his freshman year at Stanford University and ended up taking three CS classes. Now a rising sophomore, he’s thinking about majoring in either computer science or management science and engineering. Home for Carlton is Fort Collins, Colorado, where he grew up loving the outdoors and where he’s returned this summer to intern at HP Labs’ Fort Collins outpost. “Both the Rocky Mountains and HP are ten minutes from my house,” he says, “so it’s worked out pretty well.”
HP: So what are you working on at HP Labs this summer?
I’m working on a couple of projects in the Print and 3D Lab. My primary project is on progressive QR codes. These have a 2D black and white bar code, plus information encoded in color – and then those colors also change over time. You can encode something like a serial number into the bar code to track an object as it moves around. Then you can put color into the white spaces in the code to relay other information, like whether or not the item has been tested, and then change the color as it moves through the manufacturing or delivery process. I’m writing code that will read black and white bar codes and then map where the colors are as they change over time.
Swetha Revanur only just graduated from high school in San Jose, California, but has already co-authored a paper in Nature Communications, built a health education app, interned at the National Institutes of Health, and placed first in bioinformatics research at the 2015 and 2016 Intel International Science and Engineering Fairs. Now she’s interning for the summer in HP’s Emerging Compute Lab before entering Stanford University in the fall, where she hopes to major in computer science.
HP: How did you get interested in data and computer science?
When I was a freshman in high school I did a project in my history class about a disease called Hidradenitis suppurativa, which is a skin disease almost no one has heard of but affects an estimated 1% of the global population. I started to look at the genetics behind the disease and came across these huge databases of information and realized that the best way to take advantage of that data was with computer science.
Camille Eddy has wanted to be an astronaut since the age of twelve. That led the native of Idaho to focus on engineering and computer science as she was home schooled through high school and then to major in mechanical engineering at Boise State, where she’s a rising senior. “I see robots and artificial intelligence as having some really cool applications for space and for technology in general, and I just want to keep driving towards that,” she says. Already making her mark, Eddy was chosen to introduce President Obama when he visited Boise State to speak about education and innovation last year and is the recent recipient of a McNair Scholarship, a program that prepares students who are traditionally underrepresented in graduate education for doctoral studies through involvement in research and other scholarly activities.
HP: What are you working on at HP Labs this summer?
I’m working in the Emerging Compute Lab and our summer project is teaching a telepresence robot how to find a conference room and open the door by itself. There’s a team that’s working on the navigation part of it and my responsibility is programming the mechanical arm that grabs the door handle and turns it.
Michigan State University Ph.D. student Xi Liu is interning this summer in HP’s Print and 3D Lab, where she’s excited to be taking on new challenges in data mining, her main area of research interest. “Some companies just tell their interns what to work on,” she notes. “But at HP Labs, you can find something that both you and your advisors care about, so it's a great opportunity to get interesting work done.” Xi grew up in the heart of the ancient Chinese city of Xi’an and attended the Xi’an Jiaotong University, where she received her BS in electrical engineering. She’s now a rising fifth year Ph.D. candidate in computer science and engineering at Michigan State. Outside of work, she likes to hike and play violin.
HP: What are you working on at HP Labs this summer?
I’m looking at data from sensors like accelerometers and RGB/D cameras (which detect depth as well as record RGB images) that track human activity. We’re trying to see if we can automatically recognize what people are doing from that data, detecting whether they are sitting or standing, for example, or moving around. I’m creating a framework that allows us to extract the features of different activities from the raw data. And then I’m writing algorithms that let us take the features and identify them as specific activities.
Baris Unver was born in Istanbul, Turkey, where he began coding and building electronic systems as a young teen. He attended the Kuleli Military High School and Turkish Military Academy, receiving a BSc in systems engineering, before embarking on twelve years of military service in the Turkish Gendarmerie’s Signals Corps. He then studied for an MSc in information technology at Hacettepe University in Ankara, Turkey and is now enrolled as a Ph.D. student in computer science at the University of Minnesota, where he is focusing on human-computer interaction within GroupLens Research.
HP: Can you describe the project you are working on at HP Labs this summer?
I am working on projector camera systems, like the HP Sprout, which is the only pro-cam system on the market. Pro-cam systems have both video conferencing and a shared “live” stage that each party can work in, so each person can draw or play with objects on that stage as they work together. I’m interested in seeing how we can reinforce social relations with these systems and also enhance workspace collaboration and distance learning. This summer, I’m working with my Ph.D. advisor, Professor Lana Yarosh, and Dr. Alex Thayer in HP’s Immersive Experiences Lab build an app that lets pro-cam systems interact with people who only have access to a PC or mobile device.
Announced at the 2016 DRUPA international print media fair, the HP Indigo 7900 Digital Press features a new, HP Labs-engineered charge roller that many experts in the field had believed to be impossible to create.
The charge roller initiates the printing process by laying down a uniform electrical charge onto a photosensitive drum, which is then selectively discharged to form the latent image. Unlike all other commercial charge rollers, which are made from a conductive rubber exterior, HP Labs’ new charge roller is made from metal, a counterintuitive choice given that the rollers need to be highly electrically stable while in operation.
HP’s new Jet Fusion 3D Printing System, announced last month at the 2016 RAPID 3D printing and additive manufacturing conference in Orlando and set to reinvent how companies prototype and produce functional parts, started out as an under-the-radar collaboration between a small group of researchers drawn from HP Labs and HP’s printing business group.
Company leaders had observed the 3D print industry from its inception, but had yet to arrive at an approach that they could fully support, explains Lihua Zhao, senior research manager and lead for HP Labs 3D Print research. But four years ago, four engineers in HP’s Barcelona print business research lab began talking with several counterparts in HP Labs.
A select group of leading academic researchers gathered recently at HP Lab’s Palo Alto headquarters to discuss the future of human computer interaction and learn more about HP’s current research in the field.
The invitation-only workshop brought together professors and students from MIT, Stanford University, Lancaster University, the University of Minnesota, the Hasso Plattner Institute, and the Rochester Institute of Technology with researchers based in HP’s Immersive Experiences Lab. Members of other HP Labs and the HP Sprout team also joined in the workshop and the discussions it provoked around blended reality, 3D printing, and future user experiences.
HP Labs Bristol recently hosted its local parliamentary representative, Jack Lopresti, member of parliament for Filton and Bradley Stoke, the area North West of Bristol where HP’s UK lab is located.
Lopresti met with George Brasher, managing director of HP UK and Ireland, and Simon Shiu, site director and head of HP’s Security Lab, to learn more about HP after its separation from Hewlett-Packard Enterprise, HP’s links with local schools and the University of the West of England (UWE), and new products being developed at the Bristol lab.
A paper presented by Lei Liu of HP Labs and Shuting Wang of Pennsylvania State University shared the Best Paper award at LILE2016, a workshop for data-based educational research convened last month in Montreal, Canada in conjunction with WWW2016, the 25th international World Wide Web conference. Titled “Prerequisite Concept Maps Extraction for Automatic Assessment,” the paper proposes a new way to discover the gaps that exist in a student’s understanding of any given subject.
Andrew Bolwell is VP and Global Head of Technology Vision and Venturing for HP. In this role he is responsible for driving HP’s long-term innovation and technology vision for HP, as well as for HP's venture activities, working across start-up and venture capital communities to identify, source, commercialize and invest in early-stage disruptive technologies. Liaising with HP Labs, business groups, customers and partners, Andrew is defining new market segments, products and business models that will help shape HP’s future growth.
He recently sat down with us for Part 1 of a five-part series to discuss HP’s future technology vision, and how key global forces known as Megatrends are being used to shape that vision and our future.
For more information on Megatrends read Andrew’s article in the latest issue of the HP Innovation Journal.
- HP Labs
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- Print and 3D Lab
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- machine learning
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- An HP Labs study explores how we experience authen...
HP Labs team wins first prize at internatio
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- HP Labs security research steps up to deal with a ...
t Patel in conversati on - part 2: Buildi...
t Patel in conversati on – Harnessing the...
- Summer 2016 interns at HP Labs – Fu Jiang
on: Q&A with Andrew Bolwell
- @HPLabs Twitter Takeover
- Summer 2016 interns at HP Labs – Cody Carlton
- Summer 2016 interns at HP Labs – Swetha Revanur
- Summer 2016 interns at HP Labs – Camille Eddy
- Summer 2016 interns at HP Labs – Xi Liu
- Summer 2016 interns at HP Labs – Baris Unver
HP Labs researcher
s create a metal-base d, permanen.. .
HP Labs and HP’s printing business collaborat
e on ...
- HP Labs invites academic thought leaders to explor...
- UK Member of Parliament visits HP Labs Bristol
- HP Labs research team wins best paper award at LIL...
: HP’s future technology vision